Shediac

Town in New Brunswick, Canada
Official seal of Shediac
Seal
Coat of arms of Shediac
Coat of arms
Nickname: 
Lobster Capital of the World
Motto(s): 
"In Unum Ad Summum"  (Latin)
"Together Toward The Heights
46°13′N 64°32′W / 46.217°N 64.533°W / 46.217; -64.533 (Shediac)Coordinates: 46°13′N 64°32′W / 46.217°N 64.533°W / 46.217; -64.533 (Shediac)CountryCanadaProvinceNew BrunswickCountyWestmorland CountyParishShédiac ParishFounded18th centuryIncorporated1903Government
 • TypeTown Council • MayorRoger Caissie • Governing BodyShediac Town CouncilArea • Total64.0 km2 (24.7 sq mi)Elevation
Sea level to 33 m (0 to 108.3 ft)Population
 (2021)[1][2]
 • Total7,535 • Density117.7/km2 (305/sq mi)Time zoneUTC-4 (Atlantic (AST)) • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (ADT)Canadian Postal code
E4P
Area code506Telephone Exchange312 351 530 531 532 533NTS Map21I2 MonctonGNBC CodeDACUCHighways
Route 11
Route 15
Route 132
Route 133
Route 140Websitehttp://www.shediac.org

Shediac (Shédiac in French) is an Acadian town in Westmorland County, New Brunswick. The town is home to the famous Parlee Beach and is known as the "Lobster Capital of the World". It hosts an annual festival every July which promotes its ties to lobster fishing. At the western entrance to the town is a 90-ton sculpture called The World's Largest Lobster.[3] It is believed that chiac, a well-known French accent, was named after Shediac.[4]

Etymology

Shediac was originally called La Batture. Its name was later changed to Shediac in reference to its position at the basin of the Shediac River. The name "Shediac" itself is derived from the Micmac word Esedeiik, which means "which comes from far away", possibly in reference to the Shediac Bay or the current of the Petitcodiac river.[5]

Geography

Shediac is situated primarily on Route 133 around Shediac Bay, a sub-basin of the Northumberland Strait.

Its topography is relatively flat and its soil is mostly composed of sedimentary rocks dating from the Pennsylvanian. Shediac enjoys a continental climate.[6]

The town is located southwest and adjacent to the community of Pointe-du-Chêne, once the eastern terminus of the European and North American Railway as well as a stopover for Pan-Am's transatlantic "clipper" air service featuring large seaplanes. Imperial Airways' flying boat service to Foynes in Ireland also used the facilities.

History

Hundreds of years ago, the Mi'kmaq encampment of "Es-ed-ei-ik" was one of the major camps in southeast New Brunswick. The Mi'kmaq word "Es-ed-ei-ik" which means "running far in" (in reference to the tide, which has a long range over the shallow, sandy beaches) eventually transformed into Gédaique.[7]

Acadians first arrived at Shediac in 1751 as a result of the Acadian Exodus from peninsular Nova Scotia.[8] During the French and Indian War, French officer Charles Deschamps de Boishebert made his headquarters at both Shediac and Cocagne, New Brunswick. In the autumn of 1755, Boishebert established himself on the south shore of Cocagne Bay, a place known as Boishebert's Camp. The following year, Boishebert moved to Miramichi, New Brunswick, specifically to Beaubears Island.[9] After the war, Acadians returned to the region in 1767.

Lobster sculpture

Today many francophones use the spelling Shédiac; however, the town's name upon its incorporation did not feature an accented "e", and correspondingly the official geographic name for the community is Shediac.

Shediac Bay Yacht Club

Shediac Bay Yacht Club is on the Register of 'Canada's Historic Places' for being the location of a local wharf for nearly a century. The previous Shediac Bay Yacht Club House was designed by Roméo Savoie.[10]

Demographics

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Shediac had a population of 7,535 living in 3,293 of its 3,447 total private dwellings, a change of 13.1% from its 2016 population of 6,664. With a land area of 64 km2 (25 sq mi), it had a population density of 117.7/km2 (304.9/sq mi) in 2021.[11]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19011,075—    
19111,442+34.1%
19211,973+36.8%
19311,883−4.6%
19412,147+14.0%
19512,010−6.4%
19612,159+7.4%
19814,289+98.7%
19864,370+1.9%
19914,343−0.6%
19964,664+7.4%
20014,892+4.9%
20065,497+12.4%
20116,053+10.1%
20166,664+10.1%
20217,535+13.1%
[1]


Income (2015)[2]

Income type By CAD
Median Total income per capita $31,067
Median Household Income $57,203
Median Family Income $76,373

Mother tongue (2016)[2]

Language Population Pct (%)
French 4,435 71.0%
English 1,450 23.2%
English and French 150 2.4%
Other languages 215 3.4%

Notable people

Sister city

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Census Profile, 2021 Census: Shediac, New Brunswick". Statistics Canada. Retrieved February 9, 2022.
  2. ^ a b c "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Shediac, New Brunswick". Statistics Canada. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
  3. ^ "BigThings.ca: Town of Shediac, New Brunswick". Big Things: The Monuments of Canada. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
  4. ^ Yves Cormier, Dictionnaire du français acadien, Montréal, Fides, 2009 (ISBN 978-2-7621-3010-2), p. 138-139.
  5. ^ Alan Rayburn, Geographical Names of New Brunswick, Ottawa, Énergie, Mines et Ressources Canada, 1975, p. 252.
  6. ^ Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de l'énergie du Nouveau-Brunswick, « Bedrock Geology of New Brunswick » [archive], 2000 (consulté le 19 juin 2009)
  7. ^ Rand, Silas Tertius (January 1, 1875). A First Reading Book in the Micmac Language: Comprising the Micmac Numerals, and the Names of the Different Kinds of Beasts, Birds, Fishes, Trees, &c. of the Maritime Provinces of Canada. Also, Some of the Indian Names of Places, and Many Familiar Words and Phrases, Translated Literally Into English. Nova Scotia Printing Company.
  8. ^ Webster, p. 3
  9. ^ Webster, p. 5
  10. ^ "Shediac Bay Marina". Canada's Historic Places. Parks Canada. Retrieved August 18, 2019.
  11. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions (municipalities), New Brunswick". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  12. ^ Clément Cormier, « Les Acadiens de la Louisiane et nous », Les Cahiers, Société historique acadienne, vol. 17, no 1, janvier-mars 1986, p. 13

Further reading

  • Webster. A History of Shediac. 1928
  • Belliveau, John Edward (2003) Running Far In: The Story of Shediac. Halifax, Nova Scotia: Nimbus Publishing Ltd, ISBN 1-55109-431-2

Bordering communities

Places adjacent to Shediac
Batemans Mills Shediac Harbour / Pointe-du-Chêne / Shediac Cape Boudreau-Ouest
Batemans Mills
Shediac
Boudreau
Scoudouc Scoudouc Ohio-du-Barachois

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shédiac.
  • Greater Shediac Area website
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